What Is A Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain that is caused by a blow or other traumatic injury in the head or body. A traumatic brain injury occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunction. Common causes of TBI are collisions or accidents involving cars, motorcycles or bicycles — and pedestrians involved in such accidents.

The degree of damage can depend on several factors, including the nature of the event and the force of impact. The injury may include one or more of the following factors:

  • Damage to brain cells localized directly below the point of impact on the skull
  • A severe blow or jolt can cause multiple points of damage as the brain may move back and forth in the skull
  • Bleeding I or around the brain, swelling and blood clots can disrupt the oxygen supply to the brain and cause wider damage.

The people most at risk of a traumatic brain injury include:

  • Children, especially newborns to 4-years-old
  • Young adults, especially those between ages 15 and 24
  • Adults age 75 and older

Severe complications can occur immediately or soon after a traumatic brain injury. A moderate to severe traumatic brain injury can result in prolonged permanent changes in a person's state of consciousness, awareness or responsiveness and include:

  • Coma
  • Vegetative state
  • Seizures
  • Fluid build up
  • Infections
  • Nerve Damage
  • Cognitive problems (people who have had a significant brain injury will experience changes in their skills)
  • Communications problems
  • Behavioral changes
  • Emotional changes
  • Sensory problems
  • Degenerative brain diseases

Contact Attorney Douglas V. Stoehr For More Information

If you have suffered a traumatic brain injury as a result of an accident involving a car, motorcycle or bicycle, or any other claim of negligence, such as a fall, schedule a free initial consultation with Attorney Stoehr. Contact our central Pennsylvania law firm today at (814) 946-4100.