Are you familiar with Pennsylvania's snowmobile laws? Many users may not realize the regulations required to properly and legally operate a snowmobile on PA's trails and recreational areas. Here are a few of Pennsylvania's most important snowmobile laws that people may not know.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) ran a very interesting article about the nature of four-wheeler use and how injuries often occur as a result. According to their article, ATVs were largely first introduced into the United States in the 1970s. Since that time, both their use and subsequent injuries have risen substantially. Using data from 2007, AAOS determined that about 150,000 people were injured using ATVs in a year. From the time period of the early 1980s to 2009, over 10,000 people died in ATV-related accidents.
As stated in a recent Huffington Post article, patients who suffer from chronic pain also often have experiences with other cognitively-based problems like memory and attention difficulties. According to the article, which can be found by clicking this link, "A study conducted by Nadine Attal and her team suggests that those who have problems with their brain's ability in attention, memory or other executive functions may have more issues with chronic pain after surgeries." The results of this study are interesting because they suggest that, not only does your brain respond differently as a result of dealing with chronic pain, but you may respond differently to dealing with chronic pain as a result of your brain's cognitive makeup.
As many area residents probably know, Pennsylvania has a large amount of all-terrain vehicle (ATV) users. Exploring the natural beauty of central Pennsylvania by ATV, motorbike, or snowmobile is a common activity among our area's families. However, the converse side to this activity is the potential for serious injury or death. According to a recent report, Pennsylvania ranks among the top five states for the highest numbers of ATV-related deaths. Many families across the country are becoming concerned about the safety and use of ATVs. Some families have created an informative website called Concerned Families for ATV Safety, which can be viewed by clicking this link.
A leading psychological news source, PsychCentral.net, recently posted an article about the prevalence of chronic pain. According to their research, about 1 in 5 Americans suffer from daily pain that has spanned 3 or more months. Across the US, these numbers equate to almost 40 million Americans. Women appear to be at a higher risk for chronic pain than men, and minorities appear less likely to report incidences of chronic pain. For more on the article and its research, please click here.
Recently, NewsWise published an online article that detailed the prevalence of adolescent chronic pain the United States. The article cited research conducted by the American Pain Society's journal, the Journal of Pain. Statistics within the article include the fact that the total U.S. economic burden of adolescent chronic pain is about $19.5 billion every year. About 5% of children and adolescents suffer from moderate to severe chronic pain, and medical costs related to their chronic pain amounts to about $11,000 per year for each child. They also miss a significant amount of school and report a poorer quality of life than many of their peers. For more from the Newswise article, please click here.
According to a recent article by the LA Times, it appears that opioid medication may not be a good option for patients suffering from chronic pain. As stated in the article, chronic pain patients who regularly use opioids to manage their pain are at a heightened susceptibility to overdose and become addicted to their prescriptions. Additionally, continual use of opioid medication to manage chronic pain leads to a buildup of tolerance, which may necessitate a higher dose of medication to achieve pain relief. To read more from this article and the corresponding position statement by the American Academy of Neurology, please click here.
According to a recent news report, a team of Stanford scientists is working on a way to more effectively treat chronic pain. One of the team members, who is an electrical engineer, is currently working on developing tiny robotic devices that be inserted in the body and work to regulate pain signals. These devices are planned to be operated remotely. The researchers involved in this project are hoping that their new technology will provide an effective alternative for chronic pain patients who are not responding to medication and/or have not received any significant benefits from surgery. For more on this cutting-edge research, please read the original article here.
Chronic pain is very real and prevalent medical diagnosis, but it is also one that many refuse to accept and acknowledge, whether they are the sufferer of the pain or not. Pain Pathways magazine (Spring 2011) had a brief article addressing the issue of chronic pain and public perception of the disorder. Pain Pathways states that patients suffering from chronic pain have two major social issues to overcome when dealing with their diagnosis--perception that others will think that they are weak for reporting their pain, and fear of job loss if they report the condition to their employers. Additionally, many chronic pain patients also don't want to seek treatment for their condition because they fear that it is untreatable or they don't want to become addicted to pain medications.
According to a local news report, a four-year-old Butler County boy recently died as a result of an ATV accident. As many area residents probably know, Pennsylvania has a large amount of all-terrain vehicle (ATV) users. Exploring the natural beauty of central Pennsylvania by ATV, motorbike, or snowmobile is a common activity among our area's families. However, the converse side to this activity is the potential for serious injury or death. According to a recent report, Pennsylvania ranks among the top five states for the highest numbers of ATV-related deaths.